Circular economy is the new plastic economy

Moving on from a resource-wasting economy…

Product lifecycle from raw material to waste management.
This is a limited cycle, with no possible reproduction.


Extract Extract
Produce Produce
Throw away Throw away


85 Bn tons
of raw material
used to support world global production

* Source: Ellen Mac Arthur Fondation

95% of plastic packaging economic value
is lost after use
= 80 to 120 bn$/year

* Source: Ellen Mac Arthur Fondation

Every year,
8 million tons of plastic
are thrown into the oceans*

* Source: Ellen Mac Arthur Fondation

At this pace, in 2050,
there will be as much plastic
as fishes into the oceans*

* Source: Ellen Mac Arthur Fondation

… to a value-creating one

Unlimited cycle with raw material regeneration

Sugar cane or corn harvest provide starch, basic ingredient for biobased and biodegradable products

Biobased and biodegradable materials are then used for multiple applications : bags, diposable tableware, cups…

Once used, the product goes to compost where biodegradation process will occur, thanks to enzymes and microorganisms activity

Compost is in the end used as a plant fertilizer, supplying lands in nutriments and mineral elements, improving its quality and health

Multiple benefits


• Lower products CO2 emissions during their end-of-life process


• Sale of compost
• Reuse of resources helps decreasing the loss of value of products


• Mindful consumption pattern
• Enhanced use of ressources and raw materials

And more…

Universal solution: everyone can adopt circular economy principles and heighten its benefits.

Why incorporating plastics into the circular economy?

Less plastic pollution
(about 8M T / year of plastics end up in the oceans)

More value created through plastics end-of-life, which limits:

• the loss of economic value of products

• the emissions of harmful products

• the use of non-renewable resources and the fossil fuels dependence

Bioplastics and PLA

What are we talking about?

Bioplastics are polymers that can either replace conventional plastics, such as PP and PE, or have a new structure, such as PLA.
Such materials can be biodegradable or not, and they have a variable part of biobased content.

Biobased polymer which replaces petroleum based plastics (PP/PE/PS…) without entering in
competition with food supply industry.

Discover the different types of bioplastics

Bioplastics matrix

Image Bioplastics matrix

Bioplastics, an effective answer to waste management issues

step start bioplastic
step 1 bioplastic

Even plastics difficultly recyclable can have an eco-responsible end-of-life, creator of economic and environmental value

step 2 bioplastic

If we replace resources-consuming conventional plastics by biobased alternatives, we drastically reduce their impact on the environment.

step 3 bioplastic

Integrating such plastics into biowastes provides a local, universal solution to waste management issues.

step 4 bioplastic

Moreover, bioplastics ending into composting facilities allow to close the carbon loop of plastics, thanks to compost by-products (CO2 emitted during bioplastic production goes back to Earth with compost)

step 5 bioplastic

Combined with separate collection of biowastes, extra 20 to 30% of our bins content can be valued during end-of-life processes, giving a total of 50% of our domestic bins.

step 6 bioplastic

In the end, we are able to create a virtuous circle around plastic products’ lifecycle, and accompanying people in their willingness to change the way they consume plastic in their everyday life.

step end bioplastic

Compost, regulations and certifications

Compost in practice


Home composting

That’s the compost made at home. Biowastes, such as fruits and vegetables peelings or eggshells, reduce the quantity of incinerated wastes.

Duration : around 6 months


Industrial composting

It is an industrial facility which composts individuals and professionals’ wastes. More wastes are valued in such installations.

Duration: around 3 months



Methanization provides a double valuation of wastes: treating industrial or farmers wastes, it creates compost and biogas.

Duration: around 6 weeks

Multiple benefits


Create social link and share knowledge about compost

Educate about compost and waste management

1064: It is the number of collective gardens around Paris, on about 900ha *Source : IAU Ile de France


Compensate the lack of lands in resources

Reduce the use of hazardous products for lands

According to the Fnade, avoiding the use of pesticides on 5% of the agricultural land would save 250 billions €, with an extra save of 50-350€ per hectare due to irrigation *Source : Fnade


Promote the use of local solutions

113 kms: It is the distance travelled to incinerate the wastes of the city of Amiens *Source : France Incinération

Reduce CO2 emissions and methane pollution

The landfilling of waste is no longer systematic and avoids a high level of methane pollution. In addition, since compost is a local solution, there are fewer CO2 emissions to treat the wastes.


Create jobs and save money

21M€: It is the annual economy that could be made if baby diapers were composted instead of incinerated in France *Source : Le Figaro 01/2019

Create more responsible business models

Consumers behaviors

Combine local and circular economy

Less: CO2 emissions and dependancy to toxic products / More: earnings due to compost and land health

Move forward to a use-centric economy

New consomption patterns

Provide an environment-friendly end-of-life for products

Reduce the quantity of wastes and optimize sorting

In Lorient, separated collection and composting of biowastes helps collecting 8 000t of wastes, creating 3 700t of compost per year, with a low rate of error in sorting (1 to 5% of weight) *Source : Annual Report 2017 Lorient agglomeration

Standards and regulations

As a packaging or a single-use article more respectful of the environment can mix both human activity and ecology, many international organisations (Countries, states, industries, research centers, certifications labs…) work to develop and use new materials, including biodegradable and composable polymers.


In each country, regulations are set up to stop the use of conventional single-use plastics. They materialize as norms and labels found on items that guarantee their conformity with them.


In France, for example, as part of the law on energy transition (Loi de Transition Energétique pour la Croissance Verte), single use bags are labelled for compostability.

standards and regulations

The main certifications

COMPOSTABLE IN HOME SITUATIONS compliant with the French standard NF T51-800. Due to the relatively limited volume of waste present in your garden’s compost pile, the temperature is much lower and less constant than in an industrial composting environment. This is the reason why garden composting is a slower process.
COMPOSTABLE IN INDUSTRIAL SITUATIONS compliant with the European standard EN 13432 and granted the OK compost label, which guarantees that the product will decompose and be completely assimilated in less than twelve weeks without any toxic risk for the environment
BIODEGRADABLE IN THE SOIL Biodegradability in the soil provides high added value for agricultural and horticultural products: they can biodegrade and be assimilated in place after use, avoiding the need to collect products that are very dirty and generally unsuitable for recycling. The OK biodegradable SOIL label guarantees that the product is completely biodegradable and can be assimilated by soil micro-organisms without any negative effects on the environment.

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